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The book provides an invaluable introduction to modern Scottish poetry and to the poets who are arguably its greatest practitioners. Kindle Edition , pages.

The worldwide appeal of Scottish poet Robert Burns

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Three Scottish Poets (Canongate Classics)

A number of these vernacular poets were women, [36] such as Mary MacLeod of Harris c. The tradition of neo-Latin poetry reached its fruition with the anthology of the Deliciae Poetarum Scotorum , published in Amsterdam by Arthur Johnston c. This was the period when the ballad emerged as a significant written form in Scotland. Some ballads may date back to the late Medieval era and deal with events and people, such as " Sir Patrick Spens " and " Thomas the Rhymer ", that can be traced back as far as the thirteenth century, but in verses that were not recorded until the modern era.

After the Union in Scottish literature developed a distinct national identity and began to enjoy an international reputation. Allan Ramsay — was the most important literary figure of the era, often described as leading a "vernacular revival".

Three Scottish Poets

He laid the foundations of a reawakening of interest in older Scottish literature, publishing The Ever Green , a collection that included many major poetic works of the Stewart period. These included William Hamilton of Gilbertfield c. He also mixed these traditions with influences from the Lowlands, including Thompson's Seasons , which helped inspire a new form of nature poetry in Gaelic, which was not focused on their relations to human concerns.

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James Macpherson —96 was the first Scottish poet to gain an international reputation, claiming to have found poetry written by Ossian , he published translations that acquired international popularity, being proclaimed as a Celtic equivalent of the Classical epics. Fingal written in was speedily translated into many European languages, and its deep appreciation of natural beauty and the melancholy tenderness of its treatment of the ancient legend did more than any single work to bring about the Romantic movement in European, and especially in German , literature, influencing Herder and Goethe.

Before Robert Burns the most important Scottish language poet was Robert Fergusson —48 , who also worked in English.

Poetry of Scotland - Wikipedia

His work often celebrated his native Edinburgh, as in his best known poem "Auld Reekie" An Ayrshire poet and lyricist, he is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and a major figure in the Romantic movement. As well as making original compositions, Burns also collected folk songs from across Scotland, often revising or adapting them. His poem and song " Auld Lang Syne " is often sung at Hogmanay the last day of the year , and " Scots Wha Hae " served for a long time as an unofficial national anthem of the country.

Some of his works, such as "Love and Liberty" also known as "The Jolly Beggars" , are written in both Scots and English for various effects. Major poets writing in the radical tradition of Burns include Alexander Wilson — , whose outspoken views forced him into emigration to the US. William Tennant 's — "Anster Fair" produced a more respectable version of folk revels. However, Scotland continued to produce talented and successful poets. Poets from the lower social orders included the weaver-poet William Thom — , whose "A chieftain unknown to the Queen" combined simple Scots language with a social critique of Queen Victoria 's visit to Scotland.

Her poem Irene adapts the Spenserian stanza to reflect natural patterns of speech.

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William Edmondstoune Aytoun —65 , eventually appointed Professor of belles lettres at the University of Edinburgh , is best known for The lays of the Scottish Cavaliers and made use of the ballad form in his poems, including Bothwell. Among the most successful Scottish poets was the Glasgow-born Thomas Campbell — , whose produced patriotic British songs, including "Ye Mariners of England", a reworking of " Rule Britannia!

His works were extensively reprinted in the period — Among the most influential poets of the later nineteenth century that rejected the limitations of Kailyard School were James Thomson —82 , whose most famous poem " City of Dreadful Night " broke many of the conventions of nineteenth-century poetry and John Davidson — , whose work, including "The Runable Stag" and "Thirty Bob a Week" were much anthologised, would have a major impact on modernist poets including Hugh MacDiarmid, Wallace Stevens and T.

The Highland Clearances and widespread emigration significantly weakened Gaelic language and culture and had a profound impact on the nature of Gaelic poetry. The theme of homeland became prominent. MacDiarmid attempted to revive the Scots language as a medium for serious literature in poetic works including " A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle " , developing a form of Synthetic Scots that combined different regional dialects and archaic terms. Others demonstrated a greater interest in English language poetry, among them Norman MacCaig —96 , George Bruce — and Maurice Lindsay — He was also the first Scots Makar the official national poet , appointed by the inaugural Scottish government in His work inspired a new generation to take up nea bhardachd the new poetry.

They all focused on the issues of exile, the fate of the Gaelic language and bi-culturalism.


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The mid-twentieth century also saw some much acclaimed poetry being written in Esperanto by what would become known as the "Skota Skolo" Scottish School , which included William Auld — , John Dinwoodie —80 , Reto Rossetti —94 , and John Francis — The generation of poets that grew up in the postwar period included Douglas Dunn b.

His most personal work is contained in the collection of Elegies , which deal with the death of his first wife from cancer. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Scotland in the Early Middle Ages. Scotland in the High Middle Ages. Scotland in the Late Middle Ages. Lambdin, Encyclopedia of Medieval Literature London: Treharne, Old and Middle English c. Clancy, "Scottish literature before Scottish literature", in G. From Columba to the Union, until Edinburgh: A History of Scottish Literature Oxford: Houston, Scottish Literacy and the Scottish Identity: Brown, Noble Society in Scotland: Wormald, Court, Kirk, and Community: Grant, The Lordship of the Isles: Grant, Independence and Nationhood, Scotland — Baltimore: The book provides an invaluable introduction to modern Scottish poetry and to the poets who are arguably its greatest practitioners.

My library had this anthology Norman MacCaig was born in Edinburgh in His formal education was firmly rooted in the Edinburgh soil: Having spent years educating young children he later taught Creative Writing, first at Edinburgh University, then at the University of Stirling.